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LS Training Academy

Spectrum Management & Monitoring

Please find below an overview of all available training courses in regards to "Spectrum Management" and to "Spectrum Monitoring". The complete Training Calendar can be downloaded here.

Please do not hesitate to contact us to discuss your individual training needs. To register for a course fill in the registration form and send it back by fax to +49 7227 9535 605 or by e-mail to Training(at)LStelcom.com. Seminars can be booked as single courses or also as full package


Spectrum Management

Get the details about the content, dates and prices of our training courses by clicking at the training title.

Training Focus

The radio spectrum is a limited resource that has to be shared between different systems, operators and countries. It is the task of regulatory authorities to manage the radio spectrum to optimize its benefit for all these different users. International frameworks provide the basis for managing the radio spectrum, however a knowledge of the characteristics of the radio spectrum, and of the technologies that use it are necessary for these frameworks to be translated into realisable policies and practices at a national and regional level. Whilst the frameworks provide a technical basis for sharing the spectrum, economic measures are increasingly being used to determine which uses should take precedence. This course begins by providing an overview of the goals of spectrum management as well as delivering an understanding of the specific characteristics of different parts of the radio spectrum and how this impacts its utility and value. The use of different spectrum bands is discussed, together with a consideration of the way in which historic and new radio technologies use radio spectrum and the techniques being considered to maximize efficiency and sharing. Different facets of spectrum management and regulation are explained and discussed. The course explores assignment and planning methods from the classical command and control techniques to developments in economic techniques for managing the spectrum such as pricing, trading and auctions. The course also takes a look at some of the emerging regulatory techniques such as dynamic spectrum access and licensed shared access to help understand why such new concepts are being developed, and what failings of existing management techniques they are seeking to redress.

Course Objectives

After completion of the course, participants will understand how the radio spectrum is used, and different approaches to its management and regulation. Participants will have extended their knowledge of spectrum management and will have been updated on many of the latest techniques and processes being employed.

Intended for

This course is ideal for those working in a practical position within a spectrum regulator or other regulatory body. The course is also useful for those who wish to deepen their knowledge of the toolkit for spectrum regulation and management including consultants, investors, manufacturers, major spectrum users and those for whom managing the spectrum is a part of, or an important adjunct to,  their daily job.

  • Fundamentals of spectrum management
  • Characteristics of radio spectrum and radio technologies
  • Historic and new radio communication systems
  • Spectrum for mobile services (700 MHz and beyond)
  • The international framework and processes for spectrum management
  • Methods for licensing spectrum
  • Service planning
  • Spectrum demand and efficiency
  • New management techniques (dynamic spectrum access, license shared access)
  • Overview of auctions and spectrum pricing

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 06. - 10.11.17

Course Fee

2,590 € (excluding VAT)

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Training Focus

At its heart, radio spectrum management is essentially a technical discipline, overlaid by strategic and economic considerations. One of the main technical goals of spectrum management is to control interference between radio users so as to optimize the use of the spectrum. Controlling interference is not straightforward and requires the balancing of many factors and undertaking this balancing act requires expert skills.
This course describes the necessary theoretical, practical and physical qualities of the radio spectrum including the specifics of wave propagation. Following a review of technical fundamentals such as modulation, antennas and propagation modelling, the course considers the characteristics of different parts of the radio spectrum, and examines in detail the different uses to which it is put. Based on these principles, the course then discusses why specific uses are often associated with particular radio frequencies and reviews the technical capabilities and limitations of today’s radio technologies. Interference mechanisms and coordination procedures are explored, together with an understanding of how the performance (sensitivity and selectivity) of radio receivers affects interference and coverage. Finally, detailed explanations of the definition and specifics of the most common radio communication services including broadcast, land mobile, fixed and satellite services are given.

Course Objectives

After completing the course, participants will have a full understanding of the technical and physical issues which impact spectrum management. In addition they will have deepened their technical knowledge of different radio services and will understand the principles behind controlling interference and the coordination procedures.

Intended for

This course is intended for those interested in the technical aspects of spectrum management. This includes those working in a technical function at regulators as well as in telecommunications and broadcasting companies and in organizations with a need for strong technical knowledge.

Contents

  • Communication principles, modulation techniques and antennas
  • Radio wave propagation, terrain data and propagation calculations
  • Characteristics of the radio spectrum from ELF to EHF
  • Detailed exploration of a range of radio communication services:

    • Technical characteristics
    • Service planning
    • Frequency assignment
    • Coordination procedures

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 13. - 17.11.17

Course Fee

2,590 € (excluding VAT)

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“Managing and Regulating the Radio Spectrum: A Practical Guide” and “Technical Issues in Radio Spectrum
Management” can be booked as full package as well as single courses. Package price for both courses:
4,790 € (excluding VAT).

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Training Focus

The planning of radio services often leaves small gaps which cannot be used. However, such gaps might be accessible for a different radio service, typically one with very low power which will not cause undue interference. These gaps are often termed ‘whitespaces’ and their use is being considered through methods such as dynamic spectrum assignment.
This course examines the background to whitespaces, considering how and where they arise. It then focuses on how whitespace might be used, and what kind of communications it might support. Finally, the various methods and technologies (including DSA/LSA and the role of databases) being considered to provide regulatory access to whitespaces will be examined.

Course Objectives

After completing the course, delegates will understand the history of whitespaces, together with their usage and regulation. Current developments in actually using white spaces will also be examined.

Intended for

Those wishing to understand the regulation and practical application of whitespaces, whether from a regulatory or commercial perspective.

Contents

  • What are whitespaces? How much spectrum is there?
  • The possible applications of whitespace spectrum
  • Technologies being developed for the exploitation of whitespaces
  • How is interference dealt with
  • The regulatory processes and procedures being applied
  • Geographic databases
  • Dynamic and licensed spectrum access and assignment

Location/Date

London, 27.11.17

Course Fee

680 € (excluding VAT)

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Training Focus

Numerous institutional, academic, commercial and regulatory organizations are working towards the standardization of 5G services but fundamental questions remain of what is 5G, what will 5G look like, and how will this impact spectrum demand? There is also the question of technology: will 5G be a new technology (and air-interface) or will it be a system of different technologies, each playing to their own strengths? 5G is essentially driven by the need for mobile operators to quench the growing, insatiable and unquestionable thirst for mobile data. When it comes to the question of spectrum, however, there are many different views about how this growth in data demand impacts upon demand for radio spectrum. It is also evident that, below 6 GHz, there is very little spectrum remaining that can be re-farmed for mobile services and much of the focus for new spectrum for future mobile (5G) services is concentrated above 6 GHz. How feasible is it to deliver mobile services at such high frequencies? Are there ways to use existing spectrum more efficiently, or are technologies such as LTE-Advanced already very close to the limit of what is achievable?
This course will examine the evolving 5G ecosystem whilst critically examining the various forecasts and spectrum options to try and identify the reality at the core of the issues, as well as consider the conflicting statements being made by the various parties involved in finding a home for 5G services in the radio spectrum.

Course Objectives

After completing the course, participants will have a clearer view of how the evolution towards a 5G standard is leading the chase to identify new spectrum, which spectrum bands are under consideration, and whether 5G might mark the end to the hunger of mobile operators for more mobile spectrum.

Intended for

Those who need to better understand the spectrum implications of 5G technologies, whether from a regulatory, commercial or technical perspective.

Contents

  • Forecasts of demand for data services
  • Realistically forecasting spectrum demand
  • Bands already identified for IMT services
  • Capabilities and issues with existing IMT bands
  • New bands being considered for 5G services
  • Propagation and coverage of bands above 6 GHz
  • The spectrum efficiency of existing IMT technologies
  • The 5G ecosystem
  • A roadmap for the introduction of 5G services

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 30.11. - 01.12.17
Course Fee

1,260 € (excluding VAT) Register now!

Training Focus

The amount of data traffic being carried over mobile networks is ever increasing, yet the amount of spectrum used to deliver that data is limited. This is leading, many believe, to a situation where there will be insufficient spectrum to deliver the capacity necessary to handle the traffic, often termed the ‘capacity crunch’. This course examines the various forecasts for mobile data traffic and considers whether and where growth might finally stop. It also explores various models used to turn the traffic levels into spectrum requirements to try and determine how much spectrum might be needed. The various methods for delivering data capacity will be discussed, together with an examination of the efficiency and effectiveness of the various mobile technologies (2G, 3G, 4G and 5G) and strategies such as network densification, offloading and wholesale networks. The impact of the growth of machine to machine (M2M) and the Internet of Things (IoT) will be discussed. Economic issues, such as the cost per bit delivered will also be considered to examine whether there are financial constraints on data capacity growth and consumption.

Course Objectives

After completing the training, participants will be aware of the various forecasts for mobile data, and the methods used to predict mobile spectrum demand. They will have an understanding of the types and performance of various techniques that are used to deliver mobile data, and will understand some of the commercial and economic issues that affect the delivery of mobile capacity..

Intended for

People working as regulators, as well as for organisations such as government departments, transport operators, satellite companies, military establishments who use the radio spectrum and who wish to understand the sources of the pressure to find more spectrum for mobile data.

Contents

  • Forecasting the growth of mobile data traffic
  • Calculating mobile spectrum demand
  • A historical viewpoint on the accuracy of predictions
  • Is there a limit on eventual demand?
  • The impact of M2M and the IoT
  • Methods for handling mobile data:
    • Mobile technologies (e.g. 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G)
    • Offloading
    • Network densification
    • Wholesale and shared network models
  • The cost implications of the various techniques

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 28. - 29.11.17

Course Fee
1,260 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

Training Focus

This course provides an introduction to analysis techniques. The course encompasses the theory and concepts associated with the EMC analysis principles. On the final day of the course, delegates will have the opportunity to apply the concepts learnt during the first three days as part of a practical,  hands-on exercise. The classroom training will be held in LS telcom’s training facilities and involves the usage of SPECTRAemc.
Please note that this is a tool training.

Course Objectives

After completing the training, delegates will be able to understand the theory, concepts and practicalities of EMC analysis and to apply them in their day-to-day work.

Intended for

This course is intended for those who have a basic knowledge of radio communication technology, who are interested in EMC analysis principle and who may be employed at a technical department for frequency assignment, frequency planning, technical licensing or spectrum control.

Contents

  • SPECTRAemc analysis principles
  • Propagation models
  • Transmitter and receiver data
  • Interference analysis
  • Frequency plans, frequency allocations, channeling plans
  • Health safety and near zone analyses
  • Link analysis

Course Fee

2,190 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

Training Focus

The training will impart theoretical and practical knowledge. The first day is dedicated to the general tool handling (GUI) and the database functions in order to let the trainees find a way to understand the tool’s philosophy. The following days will cover, step by step, the calculation functions required to support the frequency assignment process including coordination, international notification, interference analysis and many other functions in all frequency ranges. The classroom training will be held in LS telcom’s training facilities and involves the usage of SPECTRAemc.
Please note that this is a tool training.

Course Objectives

After the training the participants will be able to understand the methods of the tool very well. They will be able to understand the calculated results for basic and advanced technical calculation function from the theoretical and practical point of view.

Intended for

This course is intended for those who have basic knowledge of radio communication technology, who are interested in inter service calculation tools and who may be employed as frequency assignment engineers for all radio services, system engineers or regulatory authorities.

Contents

  • Setup and start SPECTRAemc
  • GUI handling
  • Data selection from server
  • Working with test objects
  • 3D visualization, prediction models
  • Basic technical calculations
  • Network processor, interference analysis
  • Frequency pre-selection
  • Desensitization analysis
  • Usage of wizards
  • ITU-Notification, coordination calculations

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 16. - 20.10.17

Course Fee

2,590 € (excluding VAT)

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Training Focus

The training gives an introduction to the LS telcom tool family used by many regulatory authorities around the world. In detailed exercises the handling and data entry for the central database will be shown to the participants. The set up of a frequency plan in accordance with the ITU regulations is the second part of this training. Data exchange and investigation with technical tools for several services will be shown in detail. On the last day the participants will see the possibilities to work with and to prepare measurement results and to compare the database with the monitoring data. The classroom training will be held in LS telcom’s training facilities and involves the usage of LS spectrum management tool family.
Please note that this is a tool training.

Course Objectives

After the training the participants will have a basic knowledge of the processes and technical calculations for granting licenses in a regulatory authority. They will be able to understand how to make entries in the central database and set up frequencies as well as channeling plans.

Intended for

This course is intended for those who have a basic knowledge of radio communications technology and the purpose of regulatory authority, who are interested in LS spectrum management tools and who may be employed at a technical department of a regulatory authority.

Contents

  • Overview spectrum management system from LS telcom
  • SPECTRweb
  • SPECTRAplus
  • SPECTRAplan
  • Service specific technical tools
  • Data exchange with technical tools
  • SPECTRAemc/MONITORplus
  • Wizard technology
  • Exercises for the services

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 13. - 16.11.17

Course Fee

2,190 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

Training Focus

Spectrum management requires knowledge of an unusually wide range of disciplines: engineering, economics, law, policy and regulation. It is also a field where accepted practices are changing rapidly. The increasing demand for spectrum fostered a growth in market- orientated approaches to spectrum management but the latest approaches lean more towards sharing as the dominant paradigm. This course delivers the essential technical foundations needed to support modern spectrum management while bringing attendees up to speed with the latest thinking in a range of other areas.

Intended for

The course is aimed at people who either work for regulators or a commercial organisation which needs to understand the principles of spectrum management. The programme is particularly relevant for the following fields: mobile; broadcasting; wireless broadband; electronics manufacturers; and public sector spectrum users such as aviation, maritime, emergency services and military.

Contents

  • Two new modules on 5G
  • Focus on spectrum sharing
  • A thorough grounding in the radio spectrum and its application
  • Sessions from world experts including Professor Martin Cave
  • Learn through practical experience: spectrum orienteering and mock spectrum auctions
  • In depth analysis of the latest economic and policy arguments

Further Benefits

The course is not just an opportunity to learn; it is a unique opportunity to debate the latest thinking with world-renowned experts who helped develop the central principles of modern spectrum management. Further benefits include:

  • A chance to share experiences with colleagues from other countries
  • Comprehensive reading pack included
  • Social events reflecting the unique historic nature of Oxford
  • Ideal learning environment: the peaceful and historic grounds of Harris Manchester College
  • Accommodation and full board included in the price
  • Certificate on completion of the course

This course is being run by LS telcom and PolicyTracker.


Spectrum Monitoring

Get the details about the content, dates and prices of our training courses by clicking at the training title.

Training Focus

This course is based on the latest ITU-R and CEPT recommendations, reports and handbooks and provides an introduction into the most common spectrum monitoring measurements. In addition, the theoretical background to several measurement techniques is presented. The training concludes with a number of practical examples. The classroom training will be held in LS telcom’s training facilities.

Course Objectives

After the training the participants will be able to understand the procedures and methods of the most common monitoring measurements. They will also be able to distinguish between different measurements technologies and be aware of technical limitations of this measurement equipment. Monitoring is more than solving interference problems.

Intended for

This course is intended for those who have a basic knowledge of radio communications and electromagnetic wave propagation, who are interested in spectrum monitoring measurement and techniques and who may be employed at regulatory authorities that supposed to execute spectrum monitoring measurements in the future.

Contents

  • General introduction to Spectrum Monitoring
  • Role of Spectrum Monitoring in the Spectrum Management process
  • Manual Monitoring
  • Frequency Channel Occupancy measurements (ITU-R SM. 1880)
  • Frequency Band Occupancy measurements (ITU-R SM1809/ECC(05)01)
  • Frequency Channel Occupancy measurements using the automatic Frequency Band Occupancy measurements as described in ITU-R SM.1809
  • FM broadcast measurements, including RDS, FMextra, HD IBOC, etc.
  • Interferences, including practical examples from different countries
  • Introduction to statistical analyses
  • The modern and smart monitoring process
  •  Automatic detection of illegal radio stations
  • Inspection of radio stations from a monitoring perspective
  • Delta and smart monitoring
  • Digital Broadcasting systems
  • Digital Dividend 1, 2 and 3, TV white spaces
  • Short Range Devices
  • Cellular systems (0G – 5G), technologies, access methods
  • Presentation of monitoring information

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 16. - 17.10.17

Course Fee

1,260 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

Training Focus

This course gives an introduction to practical spectrum monitoring measurements. Delegates will follow practical examples to illustrate the limitations of spectrum monitoring measurements. During hands-on measurements of the RF-environment around our training academy in Lichtenau/Germany the delegates will put the learned techniques into practice.

Course Objectives

After completing the training, delegates will be able to perform practical spectrum monitoring measurements under real-life conditions and understand the limitations in the RF-field. They will also be able to make estimations of expected measurement results, judging the quality of the measurements performed and planning measurement campaigns.

Intended for

Regulatory authorities’ staff members supposed to execute spectrum monitoring measurements.

Contents

  • Overview of spectrum monitoring tasks
  • Selecting equipment according to the actual task
  • Distinguishing between real signals and intermodulation products
  • Limitations due to the real environment
  • Basic measurements with MONITORplus
  • Practical measurement on FM-Broadcast-/DVB-T-transmitters
  • Different usage of homing and direction-finding
  • Locating transmitters using different methods (sequential/parallel DF)
  • Hints and kinks performing measurements
  • Rough estimation of measurement results
  • Judging the results with MONITORplus
  • Planning measurement-campaigns
  • Practical hands-on measurements
  • Transfer of the learned skills to daily work

Location/Date

Lichtenau, 18. - 20.10.17

Course Fee

2,090 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

“Spectrum Monitoring Measurements and Techniques“ and “Practical Spectrum Monitoring Measurements“ can be booked as full package as well as single courses. Package price for both courses: 2,990 € (excluding VAT).

Register now!

Training Focus

The LS OBSERVER system training introduces the features of the LS OBSERVER Fixed Monitoring Units (FMU), Transportable Monitoring Units (TMU), Central Monitoring Unit (CCU) and the principles of operation. The course contains the detailed description of the operation of all features and allows the participants to perform practical tasks with the LS OBSERVER. The system operation in the CCU with FMU or TMU setup and remote control, the data download, geolocation and analysis are presented. The participants will have the possibility to use the equipment for practical tasks during the training. Information about maintenance requirements and configuration of the system are also covered by the training.

Course Objectives

The training enables the participants to become familiar with the LS OBSERVER system. They will  understand the functionalities and how to perform all measurements and analysis. Finally, they will see how a fully integrated spectrum management and monitoring system can be managed with MONITORplus as a central software connected to a monitoring system and to a licensing database SPECTRA_DB.

Intended for

This course is intended for monitoring personal who have a basic knowledge of radio monitoring and geolocation methods and who need to operate an LS OBSERVER system for measurement, geolocation and analysis tasks.

Contents

  • Global overview of the LS OBSERVER system
  • Physical requirements for the installation of FMU/TMU and CCU
  • System setup
  • Wide-band measurements (FFT)
  • Fixed frequency measurements
  • Recording of the measurement results
  • Geolocation with TDoA and PDoA
  • Data handling, download from the remote monitoring units
  • Data analysis
  • Demonstration of a fully integrated system

Course Fee

2,190 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!

Training Focus

The PMU training introduces the features of the LS OBSERVER Portable Monitoring Unit (PMU) and the principles of operation. The course contains the detailed description of the operation of all features and allows the participants to perform practical tasks with the PMU. The course covers stand-alone operation of the PMU with the embedded CCU for operation and simple analysis as well as the remote operation. The normal maintenance like software update and usage of other antennas are also part of the training. The participants will have the possibility to use the equipment for practical tasks during the training.

Course Objectives

The training enables the participants to become familiar with the PMU. They will understand the functionalities and how to perform all measurements and analysis. They will also use the PMU as a part of an LS OBSERVER network and control it remotely from a central unit (CCU).

Intended for

This course is intended for monitoring personal who have a basic knowledge of radio monitoring and geolocation methods and who need to operate an LS OBSERVER PMU for measurement, geolocation and analysis tasks.

Contents

  • General overview of the PMU products and accessories
  • PMU settings
  • Wide-band measurements (FFT)
  • Fixed frequency measurements
  • Manual Direction Finding with a handheld directional antenna
  • Measurement drives
  • Data handling
  • Data analysis

Course Fee

1,360 € (excluding VAT)

Register now!


Your Training Contact

Natascha Seiler

Phone: +49 (0) 7227 9535 482
E-mail: NSeiler(at)LStelcom.com


Training Calendar

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